Gum disease can have a deep impact on the health and appearance of your smile and if not treated can lead to serious health complications.
plaque and tartar build up as we as red and puffy appearance of the gums can be seen in this image.
The tissues that hold our teeth in place (gums and bone) are very delicate and need to be looked after on a daily basis. We do this by keeping our teeth clean, eating the right food and keeping the harmful substances (mainly cigarette smoke) away from them. If we fail to do this the gums become puffy and teeth become loose. Infections appear around the teeth and in more serious cases can even affect the health of your heart.
Puffy gums and bleeding when you brush or floss are early signs of gum disease and should not be ignored. Seeking advice from a qualified professional is of paramount importance in order to return your mouth to a healthy state.
The technique of brushing, the options for cleaning in between the teeth, the need for a mouthwash or other preventive measures should be prescribed for your specific needs. Buying a generic product off the shelf of the supermarket is not enough.
Importance of regular check-ups and professional cleans by a hygienist can not be stressed enough.
An advanced form of gum disease with bone loss is called periodontal disease. Risk factors for periodontal disease are smoking, diabetes and poor oral hygiene. There is also a genetic component to this form of gum disease.
Specialist care in the form of gum surgery may be needed for some patients suffering from periodontal disease.
Use of lasers has shown great and promising results in our practice and we routinely use it as part of our overall care of patients with gum disease.